台湾宾果28

张国荣逝世17年后,台湾宾果28还拥有挑战主流价值的偶像吗?
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张国荣逝世17年后,台湾宾果28还拥有挑战主流价值的偶像吗?

导语: 4月1日是张国荣的忌日,17年前,他从高楼坠下,自此世间的纪念便从未停止过。每年的此时,人们通过重温其歌曲和电影,试图找回记忆中那个自由、明亮、有些反叛且不合时宜的张国荣。而在他的生命背后,香港及其娱乐圈的兴衰往事暗流涌动,时代的情绪在他的生与死中得到凸显。一代又一代人对自台湾宾果28“个体性”的追寻,也构成了与张国荣当时价值观的隔空对话,一定程度上解释了十几年后台湾宾果28仍在怀念他的原因。

“fengjixuchui,burenyuanli,xinliyiyouleibuyuanliuleiwangzheni……”

台湾宾果28meiniandesiyueyiri,yinweizhangguorongdeshishi,renmenzonghuiyigezhongxingshizifadijinianta,xiufutadedianying,fanchangtadegequ,huozhechubanguanyutadeshuji……qushiduonian,tadefengcaiquesihumeiyouyinweisuiyuedeliushiershoudaoshenmezhesun。yidaidaide“rongmi”yongbutongdefangshimianhuaizheiweiyingnianzaoshidejuxing,zheixierenzhongbujinyoudangnianjiujianzhengzhangguorongfengcaidezhongnianren,haiyoubushaosuoweide“hourongmi”——tamenshizaizhangguorongqushihoucaikaishishuxibingchongbaizheiweijuxingderenqun。

zaiguoquhenzhangdeyiduanshijianli,gangtaimingxingdesuowei“fenghuajuedai”weibishiwuzhishenghuoxiangduikuifadedalushouzhongtigongleguanyuwaibushijiedexiangxiang,tongguozheixieliuxingwenhuadeyanyi,taiwanbinguo28kaishijianliqiduibolaipin、dadoushi、xiandaiaiqingheshishangdezhuduorenshi。rujin,taiwanbinguo28buzaixuyaoyikuaizhongjiandidaiqurenzhiheduihuashijie,xianggangwenhuayejiusuizhishiquleyuanyoudediwei。

台湾宾果28danshenqideshi,renmenduizhangguorongdehuainianquecongweitingzhiguo。2003niankaishi,meiyinianguanyutadejiniandoushenkeerganren,danzaizheigeguochengzhong,renmendeqingxukaishimanmanfashengbianhua: congwanxisirenyishikuodadaoduijingdianshidaidemianhuai,jieryanbianchengyizhongduiouxiangwenhuadefansi。bujinruci,taiwanbinguo28gengshizaizheiwei40nianqiandeouxiangdeshengpingzhongzhaodaolemouzhongdangdaixing,yonglaifanguanjintiandeshidai。chendianzhihou,taiwanbinguo28nenggouzaibushaoguanyuxianggangdewenhuayanjiulikanjianzhangguorongdeanli。

“城市icon”张国荣与香港的兴衰历史

zhangguorongzuoweixianggangwenhuadeicon,taderenshengchuanqihewenhuaxingxiangyuxianggangzheizuochengshidexingshuailishiyouzhemibukefendeguanxi。zhangguorongdezouhongbingfeiouran,jiyinweitayouwodexiantiantiaojian,yeshishidaiqifenzaojiude。tachushengyu1956nian,suanshixianggang“yingerchao”deyidairen,xingyundijiangshengzaiyigefuyudedajiating,congxiaoqueshaofumudeguanjiao,yangchenglefanpandexingge。tazaixianggangjingjitengfeideshidaiduguoqingchunqi,1971nianyuanfuyingguojieshouguogaodengjiaoyu,yiluyilaijieshoudedoushixifangwenhua,yudangshideputongxianggangshiminjulijiaoyuan,yincihoulaihenzirandichengweixianggangjingyingwenhuapinweidedaiyanren。

zhangguorongzaiyingguo

台湾宾果28chenguanzhongcengzai《taiwanbinguo28zheiyidaixianggangren》zhongmiaohuiguoxianggangdeshangshengshidai。zuowei“erzhan”houjinrudaoshijiemaoyitixidediquzhiyi,1970niandai,xianggangjiukaishijiangongwu,changlianzheng,shehuiyetigonglehenduojihuiji“yingerchao”yidai。tamenzuoweijieshouguolianghaojiaoyudediyidaihuaren,jinrudaodangshifangxingweiaidegedaxingye,deyidaxianshenshou。

yeshizaizheizhongqifenzhixia,xianggangrendezitaiwanbinguo28yishikaishixingcheng。yinci,suoweijuxingshidaidexingchengyuzheizhongleguanjijidejingshenbuwuguanxi,《shizishanxia》degecihennengshuomingzheidian: tongchuhaijiaotianbian,xieshoutapingqiqu,taiwanbinguo28didajiayongjianxinnulixiexianeibuxiuxiangjiangmingju。

台湾宾果28xianggangdehuayangzachu,keguanshangjigezhongwenhuatigongleshengcundeturang,jingjidefanrongyejihenduoyawenhuatigongleshengcunkongjian。zaidalu、taiwandiqushangzailishibaofudezhiguzhongshi,xianggangdeziyouduheguojihuabianyijingshiyazhoushouquyizhidele。danlingwaiyifangmian,bentuwenhuadebaoshouhezhengzhishangdebianyuanrangzheizuochengshishizhongchuzaiyigezhishijingjizhongxindegangaweizhi,chuleshaoshudedianyingdaoyanyoujihuizoujinguoji,dabufendewenhuagongzuozhedouchuzaishengcunjiaolvzhong。

zhangguorongtongshidaidexianggangrenzhengruchenguanzhongsuoshuo,“meiyoushenmeyuanzexingdekaolv、lixiangdebaofu、lishideyali、buzhuiqiuwanmeihuohendahenhongweihenzhangyuandedongxi。zheiyichengweizhenggeshehuideyizhongsixiangxintai: taiwanbinguo28ziyiweinengsuijiyingbian,shenmedounengxuehuizuo,yongzuiyouxiaodefangfa,zaizuiduanshijianneiguoguanjiaohuo,yiqiunapabushizuidayeshizuikuaidehuibao。”henkuai,bansuizhexianggangdejiagongyeyufangdichanyedejueqi,yuleyeyekaishipaomohuafazhan,yishijianzaiyazhoufengtouwuer,shenzhiganchaozaoxingdaguoriben。

台湾宾果28zhourunfa、zhangmanyu、zhangguorongdengrenzaizhangxueyouyanchanghuishang

danlixingdikan,xianggangyuleyeshengjiershuaizaoyouyuzhao。zongtixingdeyuanchuanglikuifa,yishishangbaocanshouquerangxianggangyuleyezaichuangzaolishizhihouguozaodituichulelishiwutai。shishishang,taiwanbinguo28jintianduizhangguorongdehuainianhendachengdushangjiushiduineigedingshengshidaidehuainian。

台湾宾果282003nian,zhengzhixianggangsarsyiqingzuiyanzhongdeshihou,zhangguorongxuanzeconggaochuzhuixia,jieshuletadeshengming。cihou,meiyanfangdengjuxingjieerliansanqushi,xianggangyulegongyeshoudaobushaodaji,yulequandeqinghuangbujiekaishiyuefamingxian。2008niande“yanzhaomen”shijiangengshijibenjiucuiruodeouxianggongyezhimingyiji。

jinrudaoxinqiannian,bansuizhejingjitengfei,daludeyuleyezhujianfanrong。bentuouxiangyidaidaibeizhizaochulai,dalushouzhongyeyuelaiyuebuxuyaoconggangtaimingxingneilihuodeyizhongdaichangxingdemanzu。xianggangyuleyezaiduanzanzhenxinghouxianruyijuebuzhendezhuangkuang,chuantongdezaoxinggongyeyebeijintiandeliuliangsuanfasuoqudai,“fanquan”chengweizheigeshidaidexinxingchanwu。

从偶像到传奇,张国荣对香港的反叛和挑战

yuyibandexianggangmingxingbutong,zhangguorongdexingxiangyiguanbijiaoxinchaoqianwei,houlaiyouzouguojihualuxian,tashengqiancengshuozijiyouyiwubaguojishuizhundedongxidaijixianggangdeguanzhong,danjintiankanlaihaibingbuguoshidewutaibiaoyanhezaoxing,zaidangshiquebeishiweiyiduan。

bulunyiduomeyangedebiaozhunlaikan,zhangguorongdoujuyoujueduidemingxingguanghuan,zhudingjiushihecongshiyanyixingye。danzaidangshi,tayebingfeiyipaoerhong,ershijinglilehenduobozhe。canjialidedianshitaigechangbisaihuojiangzhihou,tajinrudaoyulequan,suirandedaolebufenguanzhu,danshizhongdoushiyigeerxiandediwei。taxianshichuleliangzhangyingwenzhuanji,danxiaoliangyiban,meinenghuodechangpiangongsidexuyue,houlaiyoubeipianpaishelesanjipian,cihouzaidianyingliyiduzhinengyanfanpaihuopeijiao。zhangguorongdefanpanhexihuadexingxiangyizhidoubeimeitiyutagerendezuofenglianxizaiyiqi,danjintianlaikan,zhishitazoudetaichaoqian,keyishuo,zhangguorongyishengzhengkeweishi“chengyexianggang,baiyexianggang”,tajichenglezheizuochengshide“yizhixing”,bingjiangtafayangguangda,queyeshenshenbeizheizhongyisedailaidebianyuangansuoshanghai。

1980niandai,zhangguorongcaizhongyuzouhong,tahetanyonglinshidangshizuichishoukeredegeshou。ruguoshuotanyonglindaibiaodeshilaopaide“gangnan”xingxiang,zhangzedaibiaochangtiaojujiadexiyangfengge。zhangguorongzheiyishiqidegequbushaolaiziribenliuxingyinledefanchang,zailiuxinggongyededazaoxia,zhangguorongbujiqingrendexingxiangdedaolewanqiangemidezhuipeng。

zhangguoronghetanyonglin

zhideyitideshi,1989nian,zhangguorongyanjuanleletandefenzhengxuanbutuichugetan,dangshitajubanleyigegaobieyanchanghui,keweishiyidaijuechang。yanchanghuidezuihou,tachanglezijidechengmingzuo《fengjixuchui》,zhijingleouxiangshankoubaihui,congcigaobielezijideouxiangshidai。

ouxianggeshouzhiwai,zhangguorongzhuyanleyixiliededianying,bulunshi《yanzhikou》haishi《afeizhengchuan》,daohoulaibeishangde《bawangbieji》,zhangguorongzhujianbaituoleyulegongyejiazaizijishenshangdemouzhongdingshi,kaishigengsuixinsuoyudifazhanzijideshiye。zuoweiyanyuan,tadechengjiubingbuxunseyutadegechangshiye,shenzhitazhuyande《bawangbieji》zhijinyeshiweiyiyibuhuodejianajinzonglvdehuayudianying。

paidianyingdailaideyingxianglirangzhangguoronghenkuaichengweiledongyafanweineideguojijuxing,henduoxianzaiderihanmingxingyejiangtashiweizijideouxiang,yongjintiandehuashuo,tachengweilehuarenmingxingde“dingliu”,suodaozhichu,wubuyinfafensidefengkuangzhuizhu,dantabenrenqueshizhongchuzaiyige“qiangneikaihuaqiangwaixiang”dezhuangtai。1997nian,zhangguorongzaikuanianyanchanghuishangjiaodenghongsegaogenxie,yunanwubandatiaorewu;2000niantayizhangfazaoxingliangxiang《re·qingyanchanghui》,haobubihuizhanxianziji“cixiongtongti”demeixuezhuiqiu,gengzaimeitishangbaoliaozijidesishenghuo。fancizhongzhong,dousihutiaozhanlexianggangshehuidezhuliujiazhiguan。

台湾宾果28zhangguorongzai“re·qing”yanchanghui

shenzhi,zaixianggangzheiyangyigefeichangqiangdiaozhixugandechengshili,zishabenshenjiushiyizhongfanshehuixingwei。jinguandangnianduizhangguorongdesiwangyouhenduofangmiandecaice,danzaiyiyuzhengyuefachengweishidaibingdejintian,taiwanbinguo28zaiqulijiezhangguorongdesiwang,yebunanfaxiantadezishayeshijiegouxingde,shishijimojiaolvdeyanxu,yuchengshidezhengtiqingxumibukefen。

dangran,taiwanbinguo28yekeyijiangtadesiyinguijieweidaoyudoushidexiaobaowenhua,wuliangdegouziduihemijiderenqunxiaoying。judiaocha,zaiyazhouchengshi,xianggangdegaomidushijingrende,yiyuzhengyeshijingrende。guobuqiran,zaizhangguorongqushihoudeduonianshijianli,chuxianlezhuru《taxuexunmei》《yinianwuming》dengbushaoyiyiyuzuoweishidaiyinyudedianying,zuoweinianqingyidaiyulegongyecongyerenyuanduidangxiashehuiwentidehuiying。

“自恋文化”召唤出的都市病症

台湾宾果28yucitongshi,zhangguorongdegerenshenghuohetadeyinmuxingxiangxingchengleyizuduiyingdejingxiangguanxi,tarutongdangdaidelinshuizhaohuaren,jiangyizhongshuyushijimodebeiguanqingxuhetaiwanbinguo28shidaidezilianbingzhengzhaohuanchulai。huoxu,zheiyeshitademeilichixuyingxiangdaojintiandehenzhongyaodeyuanyin。

台湾宾果28zhangguorongwanqiyanchangdeyishouge《taiwanbinguo28》changchangbeiyonglaijieshitaderensheng: i am what i am,taiwanbinguo28yongyuandouaizheiyangdetaiwanbinguo28,taiwanbinguo28jiushitaiwanbinguo28,shiyansebuyiyangdeyanhuo;tiankonghaikuo,yaozuozuijianqiangdepaomo……zheijugecikeweishijintiandoushiqingniandejuejiadubaile,doushihuarangtaiwanbinguo28qiansuoweiyoudechengweiyuanzihuadegeti,taiwanbinguo28xuyaoyizhongzirenweidedutexinglaizhengmingzijidecunzaigan,taiwanbinguo28zilianzilian: yifangmiangandaocuiruo,yifangmiankewangduyiwuer……

台湾宾果28henduoduizhangguorongxingxiangdewenhuayanjiudouhuitidaoneisisuosiqingjie(ziliannarcissism),yeshizaizheizhongqingxuxia,xianggangrendebentuyishikaishijueqi,erdoushiwenhuadehexinyeyuzilianyouzhemibukefendeguanxi。wangjiaweidechengshidianyingjiushifenjingzhundibawodaozheiyidian,ertaxuanzezhangguorongyanyizijidechengmingzuo《afeizhengchuan》yezhengshikandaolezhangguorongshenshangdeqizhishifenfuhebishixianggangrendexintai: jiranyiqiedouwucongbawo,jiuzhinenggujidangxia。cihou,tamenhezuoleduobudianying,《dongxiexidu》zhongzhangguorongshiweilebushoushanghaierxuanzejujuedeouyangfeng;《chunguangzhaxie》litashiyinweimeiyouanquanganersichuliuqingdehebaorong,zheixiejiaosedoushichetoucheweidezilianzhe,tamenzhiyounenglikaolvzijidangxiayishideganshou,shanghailesuoaideren,yerangzijichedizoushanggujuehuoxiaowangdedaolu……

dianying《chunguangzhaxie》

erzhangguorongzaidalupaishedeyixiliedianyingyekeyibeikanzuozheizhongxingxiangdeyanxu,chengdieyishiyigebuheshiyideyishujia,zaishidaidejiafenglitawufazuoziji,zhinengjiatuo“yuji”zuoweizijidejingshenhuashen,yi“congyierzhong”zuoweizijiderenshengxinyang,danzuizhongzaixianshidedayaxia,zhiyouyushijufendejieju。jinguantashengqiancengwushucifourenzijihejiaosezhijiandeguanxi,dantazuizhonghaishijiangzijideshengmingbianchenglejijuyinyuxingdechuanqi。

台湾宾果28renmenchangyong“renxibufen”laixingrongzhangguorong,shishishang,tashiyigeshifenzhuanyedeyanyuan,yishengdouzaichangshiyanyibutongdejiaose,zhenzhengxiwang“renxibufen”deshijianggerenyuwangtoushezaiyinmushangdeguanzhongbenren。taiwanbinguo28kewangtongguoguankanouxiangdeyipinyixiaoyuzijidechujinggongzhen,congerhuodemouzhongxinlianwei。zuoweiyigejuyoufengfuneihandegeti,tatigongjibutongshidaiderenmenbutongdeyuwangketi,tajikeyishichongmanheermengdeqingren,yekeyimohuxingbie,youzouzaijinjidebianyuan。zheizhongmolengliangke,yuxianggangteshudediyuanzhengzhiyeyouzheweimiaodelianxi。

台湾宾果28zhangguorongshiyiweijuyouqianzhanyishidebiaoyanyishujia,tajiangzijideshengmingtezhiyuwutaihuoyinmudebiaoxianjinxinglewanmeideronghe,zhaohuanchurenmenduituifeimeigandeneizaikewang,huanxingletaiwanbinguo28dekuaiganjizhi。zhangguoronghouqidezuopinlibunanfaxianhenqiangliedehouxiandaideqingxu,yijiyizhongduihuimieheposuidemilian,benzhishangzhijiezhixiangtaiwanbinguo28jintiandeshidaiqingxu。

shiqinianqian,dangshidaludabufenchengshihaimeiyouxianggangneiyangmijiderenqunhegaolou,taiwanbinguo28derenjiguanxihaibaochizhewenredejuli,yuanmeiyoudadoushidelengmohewuqing。douzhuanxingyi,taiwanbinguo28gengnengtihuichengshihuadewenti,kaishilijieyiyuzheng、shaoshuquntidezaoyuheyulegongyedecanku。dangtaiwanbinguo28zaihuikanzhangguoronghetaliuxiadewenhuayichan,zixishulitaderenshenghezuopinhuwenerxingchengdefengfuwenben,taiwanbinguo28sihukandaolegengduodangxiadewenti,zheishizhangguorongqianweidewenhuayishidailaide。zhikexi,sirenyishi,zheizhongcuoweidegekongduihua,chilaidegantongshenshou,tuzenglegengduodeshanggan。

【作者简介】叶倩雯,影评人,青年文化评论者

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