台湾宾果28

阿尔贝·加缪:
当台湾宾果28从荒诞中惊醒,便认识了自身的局限

阿尔贝·加缪: 当台湾宾果28从荒诞中惊醒,便认识了自身的局限

台湾宾果28zaizheicixijuanquanqiudexinguanfeiyanyiqingzhong,faguozuojiajiamoudexiaoshuo《shuyi》buduanbeirenmentiqi。zheibujijuxiangzhengyiweidezuopin,jiangrenmenzhiyuyiqingdekonghuang、beizhuanghefengkuangzhizhong,tazhanshilerenleizaiyingduizainanzhishidewucuoyuwanqiang。

台湾宾果28jiamoushituzhengming: zainanzhixia,bingfeisuoyourendouzhigugerendeanweiheshushi。tademuguangguanzhumeiyiweiwumingdedikangzhe,buzhizhushouyixiandeyishenghushi,haiyouneixiefuzetongjishujudewenyuan、kanguanyingdidemenwei、zifazuzhidehugongdeng,tamenyongweibodelilianggongtonggouzhuqiyimianrenleizuijianqiangdekangyizhidun。benwenjiexuanzidukechupindexinban《shuyi》dedaodu,jingshouquankanfa。

zhuanwen|zhangbo

zhaibian|xuxueqin

1947nian,dang《shuyi》zaifaguozhengshichubanzhishi,jiamoubenrenbingweiqinshenjingliguorenheyichangdafanweiliuxingbing。taguanyushuyidequanbubinglixijie,wubulaiyuanyuyixuewenbenyulishiziliaozhongdeershoujingyan。

tazaixiaoshuodechoubeijieduanduizheixiewenxiandeshoujiheyandupoxiaguoyifankugong,zheizuizhongshitadexiangguancuociyumiaoshuxiandejiweizhuanye。dangengzhongyaodeshi,taduirenxingquanmianershenkededongchalingtahuangruoshenzaixianchang。tadebichubianjiguanliao、jizhe、yisheng、binghuanyijiminzhong,tamenhuobeizhuanghuobeiwei,huokejinghuokexiao,huolizhihuofengkuang,huoweigongyihuoweisili。

jiamougaosutaiwanbinguo28,shenmerenzaihuxiangtuiwei,shenmerenzaidanqizhize;shenmerenzaiqianzhiyulun,shenmerenzaiqifaminzhi;shenmerenzaichuanboyaoyan,shenmerenzaichengqingshishi;shenmerenzaiweixitaobi,shenmerenzaiqianxianfenzhan;shenmerenbugutarenanweisiyiwangwei,shenmerenyishengmingweidaijiafachuyujing。tashituzhengming: zhongshengxuanhuazhizhong,bingfeisuoyourendouzhigugerendeanweiyushushi。tademuguangguanzhumeiyiweiwumingdedikangzhe,buzhizhushouyixiandeyishenghushi,haiyouneixiefuzetongjishujudewenyuan、kanguanyingdidemenwei、zifazuzhidehugongdeng,tamenyongweibodelilianggongtonggouzhuqiyimianrenleizuijianqiangdekangyizhidun。zaizheixieweidanixingzhedebeiyingzhong,jiamouweitaiwanbinguo28zhanxianlerenxingzhiguangdegaoguiyucuican,bingqiegaosutaiwanbinguo28,“zairenleishenshang,zhidezanmeidebiyingdangmieshidedongxigengduo”。

台湾宾果28jintian,taiwanbinguo28yiranzaiyuedu《shuyi》。shenzhi,taiwanbinguo28wanquanyouliyouxiedaizhexianshijingyanjinruzheibuxiaoshuo。xiangxinjiamoubenrenduiciyehuishenbiaozantong。yinweizheidaibiaozhetaiwanbinguo28tongguoyueduwenxuekaishileduixianshishenghuodesikao,chuanguoxiaoshuodexugoutoushitaiwanbinguo28zhenshiderensheng,quzhuiwenshengmingdezhendi。《shuyi》dexiangzhengxingzhengshiweileshixianzheiyimude。

台湾宾果28aerbei·jiamou(albert camus,1913—1960),faguozuojia、zhexuejia,nuobeierwenxuejiangdezhu,daibiaozuoyou《juwairen》《shuyi》《xixifusishenhua》deng。

1

从荒诞到反抗:

一场由鼠疫引发的人类行动

台湾宾果28ruruoyaocong《shuyi》zhongtiqujigeguanjianci,neime“huangdan”yu“fankang”bidingweilieqianmao。“huangdan”huashenweiyichangzhimingjibingdafayinwei,er“fankang”zeyouwushurendekang“yi”zhizhangongtongchengxian。tamenbingfeixiaoshuodeweiyiqingjie,fenliyuliuwang、bianyucishi、gerenxingfuyujitizeren、aiqingdezhenshiyuxuhuan,naizhiyuxiezuodekenengyubukenengdeng,zheixiefengfudeneironggongtonggouchenglezheibuxiaoshuopangdadejingshenshijie。zheibushiyibuyouchuncuisibiangouchengdezhelilunwen,ershiyibu“mingkezaixianshidehouduzhinei”dewenxuechuangzuo,suoyibenbuyinggaitiqushenmeguanjianci,yinweiyueshiweidadewenxuezuopin,qiyiyijiuyueshichenjinzaixijiezhong。shangwentidaodemeiyigehuatidouliyinghuodezhongshihetantao。buguo,xiaoshuobijingcunzaiyitiaozhuxian: yichangyoushuyiyinfaderenleixingdong。huozhegengjiaculvedijianhuawei: yichangyouhuangdanyinfadefankang。taiwanbinguo28xuyaolaojizheizhishiyizhongculvedejianhua,tawanquanbunengdaibiaoxiaoshuodequanbu,dantaiwanbinguo28deyanduyiranxuanzecongzheililuobi。

wulun“huangdan”haishi“fankang”,zaijiamoudesixiangshijiezhongdoushichaoyuedanyizuopinzhishangdeganglingxinggainian。suoyi,tamenzaijiamoubixiabiranyouqilailongqumai、qichengzhuanhe。weileliqing《shuyi》zhongde“huangdan”he“fankang”,jiubunengjuxianyuzheibuxiaoshuodeneirongbenshen,bixuyinruqitazuopinjiayicanzhao。yifangmian,zheirangtaiwanbinguo28keyizhuisu《shuyi》zhongfankangsixiangdelaiyuanbingkandaotadezuizhongchengguo;lingyifangmian,jiamoudexuduolunshuxingwenzihexiaoshuozaisixiangxingshanghuweibiaoli,bixiaoshuozhongyuhuidebiaodagengjiazhijiemingque。tamenshilijie《shuyi》zhongfankangsixiangdebibeigongju。

台湾宾果28《shuyi》[fa] aerbei·jiamouzhu,liyuminyi,jiangsufenghuangwenyichubanshe,2020nian5yue

台湾宾果28zaijiamoubixia,“huangdan”yu“fankang”zheilianggeguanjianci,zaixiezuo《shuyi》zhiqiandouyichuxian。qianzhewuyongduoyan,“huangdan”zaoyihe《juwairen》《xixifusishenhua》《kaligula》zheixie“huangdanxilie”zuopinjinjinbangdingzaiyiqi。xiangbizhixia,jiamoudezaoqizuopinzhonglunji“fankang”depianfujiaoweiyouxian,danbingbuyincierqueshaozhongyaoxing。mianduishijieyurenshengdehuangdan,jiamoucongyikaishibianqingxidigandaorenbunengyinciqufu,xuyaoquxunzhaoyizhongfangshifankangzheizhongchujing,zaiyigehuangdandeshijiezhongzhongjianshengmingdeyiyiyujiazhi。yi“yiyi”dikang“wuyiyi”,zheibianshijiamoufankangsixiangdezuichuqiyuan。

zai《xixifusishenhua》zhongde《huangdanziyou》yijie,jiamoudiyicitichule“fankang”deneihan,taxiedao: “fankangjiangqizishendejiazhifuyushengming。tayanzhanzaishengcundewanzhengshimo,huifuleshengcundeweida。duiyuyanjiekuanguangderenlaishuo,meiyoushenmemeijingnenggouchaoguozhihuiyuyizhongshirenbuzhisuocuodexianshidebodou。renleidezizunshiyizhongwuyulunbidejingguan。yiqiebiandizaicidoujianghaowuyiyi。zheizhongjingshenzilvdeshouze,zheizhongyouwanshiwanwuduanzaoerchengdeyizhi,zheizhongzhimiandetaidu,zheiqizhongbaohanzhemouzhongqiangdaerdutededongxi。xianshidefeirenxingzaojiulerendeweida,xueruozheizhongxianshi,yejiutongshixueruolerenziji。”

jiamoubuhuibixianshide“feirenxing”(“huangdan”detongyici),dantaqiangdiaorenleixuyaoduicixianzhuangchedidijiayirenshi,chengdanzheizhongrenshisuodailaidezhongya,bingzuizhongjiangzheizhongyalizhuanhuaweixunzhaojiazhidedongli。chengrenyizhongwufataobidechenzhongxianshi,danbuchengrenrenleizaizheizhongxianshimianqianzhudingbei“huangdan”tonghua,zheibianshijiamoujieyongtuidongjushidexixifusizheigexingxiangsuoxiangzhengdeneirong,yeshitazaicichufuyu“fankang”dehanyi。duiyumeiyigezaijutai、bangongshi、liushuixianhuoqitadifangcongzhouyigongzuodaozhouwudeputongren,taiwanbinguo28congmouzhongchengdushangdoushenghuozaiyikuaiyongyuantuibuwandejushimianqian。zheishiyizhongkunjing,jiamoujiangqishiwei“huangdan”debiaoxianxingshizhiyi。

mianduihuangdan,jiamou“kewangzhidaoshifoukeyiyiwufangudishenghuo”,zhuiwenshengcundeyiyiyujiazhi。ruguoshijiedehuangdanwufaxiaojie,huozheshuohuangdanbenshishijiedeyibufen,ruguomeigerendouyouyikuaijushidengdaitaqutuidong,renshengjiujingyinggairuhemiandui?jiamouqiaqiazaicishishuodao: tuidongjushi,renshouzheigehuangdandeshijiebingbudaibiaoqufu,dangtaiwanbinguo28zaizheigeshijiezhongqingxingguolai,kandaotaiwanbinguo28huangdandechujingyijitaiwanbinguo28zhudingshibai(siwang)dejieju,taiwanbinguo28biankanqinglezishendejuxian,tongshizhixiaorenshengdeyiyijibulaizishangtianyebulaizibian,tajinlaiziren,bixuyourenbenshenlaichuangzao,yezhinengtongguorenlaichuangzao。duizishendechujingyongyoulengjingderenshi,baochifankangdelinghun,shouhuxinlingdeduli,jiangjushiyiciyouyicituiqi,zaijiamoukanlaishiyijianyingyongzhishi。zaiyigewuyiyideshijiezhongyongrenleideshuangshouchuangzaoyiyi,zheijiushixiezuo《xixifusishenhua》shijiamouyanzhong“fankang”deshimingyuneihan。

yucitongshi,taiwanbinguo28xuyaoyishidao,《xixifusishenhua》yu《juwairen》yiyang,taolundeshipubianxingderichang,yushizheikuaiyapoxixifusidejushishizhongweibeidasui,jiamouduiyuxixifusidesuoyoulunshudoujianlizaichengrenzheikuaijushicunzaidejichuzhishang。yinweizaidangshidejiamoukanlai,zheikuaijushishuyurichangshenghuodeyibufen,shenzhikeweiqiguyoushuxing: “xianshidefeirenxingzaojiulerendeweida,xueruozheizhongxianshi,yejiutongshixueruolerenziji。”suoyi,tameiyourangxixifusibafankangyinxiangzheikuaiwaibudejushi,zhuanerjifaneixinbuqudeyizhi。xixifusiyoucikeyibeichengwei“neixindefankangzhe”。

1992nian,genjujiamou《shuyi》gaibiandetongmingdianyinghaibao。

raner,1939nian9yuebaofadezhanzhengchedigaibianlerichangshenghuodewaibuhuanjing。shijiebuzaijinjinshiwuyiyidehuangliang,tazhengzaibeirenxingdeheian、canrendehoujiaoyujuewangdeaihaosuofugai,huangdanyibujinshiyikuaituibuwandejushi,tahaibianchengleyijiaxuerouwufatianmandesharenjiqi(shuyi)。zaizheiyangdejingkuangmianqian,jiamoujujuechengrenxianzhuang,tayaodapozheiyiqiefeizhengyi,yushi,xixifusishideneixinfankangzhuanbianweiyizhongquanmiandexingdong。《shuyi》dedanshengyizhaoshiyuci。tajuedingqishenzasuizheikuaijushi,zheiduiyujiamoueryanshiyigeguanjianjiedian。zhanzhengbaofabujiuhou,tazai《shouji》zhongxiexialezheiyangyiduandubai:

shituyushigejueyongyuanshixuwangde,napashiweilegejuetarendeyuxingyucanku。taiwanbinguo28bunengshuo“taiwanbinguo28buzhiqing”。yaometongliuhewu,yaometingshenyingzhan。meiyoushenmebizhanzhengjitiaodongminzuchouhengengbukeyuanliang。raneryidanzhanzhengbaofa,yishibuguanjiweijiekoushituzhishenshiwaishixuwanghenuoruode。xiangyatayijingbengta。wulunduiyuzijihaishitaren,douyanjinnilaishunshou。

congwaibuqupingduanmouyishijianshibukenengde,yeshibudaodede。weiyouzaizheihuangdandezaihuoneibutaiwanbinguo28fangcaibaoyoumieshitadequanli……taiwanbinguo28shenchuzhanzhengzhizhongbingqietaiwanbinguo28yongyoupingduantadequanli。jiayipingduanbingzhankaixingdong。

zheizebijiqingxidiyushi,jiamoukangju“yushigejue”,bingjiangzaizhanzhengzhong“zhankaixingdong”,tajianglikaibengtadexiangyata,zouxianggengguangfanderenqun。zheijiangchengweiqirenshengzhongyigexindejieduan,yijianggouchengbaokuo《shuyi》zaineidejiamou“fankangxilie”zhenzhengdejichu。jiamoudezheiduanzibaiyinggaibeishiweita1941nian4yuejuedingchuangzuo《shuyi》deyigezhongyaodongji。congzheigeyiyishangshuo,zhanzhengbujingouchengle《shuyi》chuangzuojieduandelishibeijing,yeshiyigeshenkedeciji,shitayishidaozouchugerenguduyishutiandidebiyao。

台湾宾果28dianshiju《heisibing》juzhao。

台湾宾果28yuzhixiangbi,xixifusizuowei“neixindefankangzhe”,gengyingbeishizuofankangsixiangwanshanqiandeyizhongqianzhixingpudian。dangran,zai《xixifusishenhua》zhong,“fankang”beishiweiyizhongrenleizaiwuyiyishijiezhongxunzhaoyuchuangzaoyiyidefangshi,zheiyidianshizhongyouxiao。“fankang”conggenbenshangshizhongshiyizhongzhongjianjiazhidexingdong,tazhisuoyizaifanduibingdapozheshenme,shiyinweitashouxianzaizantongyujianchizheshenme,zheiyeshijiamoucongfoudingzouxiangkendingdeyiguanfangshi。jiuxiang1945niantazai《guanyu“fankang”depingzhu》kaipiansuoshuodeneiyang: “shenmeshifankangzhe?yigeshuo‘bu’deren。danruguoshuotajujue,taquecongweifangqi,suoyitayeshiyigecongyikaishijiushuo‘shi’deren。”zheiduanhuahoulaibeitayuanfengbudongdifangzaile《fankangzhe》dekaitou,gengkeyibeishizuo《shuyi》dezhongyaozhujiao——buyaowangji,1945nianjiamouzhengzaidui《shuyi》jinxingmijixiugai,zheipian《guanyu“fankang”depingzhu》biaodadeneirongyu《shuyi》kanchengyitiliangmian。lijiezheipianwenzhangduitaiwanbinguo28chengqing《shuyi》zhonghuangdanyufankangdeguanxidayoubiyi。

yigeshuo“shi”defankangzhe,conggenbenshangshuojiushiyigezhongjianjiazhiyuyiyideren,xixifusichuandilezheiyidian,taduizhushenshuo“bu”,zhengshiyinweitaduirenleidezunyanshuo“shi”;yucitongshi,jiamouyezaibuduanfuyu“fankang”gengduodeneirong,tabudanshigetizitaiwanbinguo28xunzhao、zitaiwanbinguo28tanxun、zitaiwanbinguo28gouzhuyiyideguocheng,yetongshihuhuanzherenleizaigongtongdekunanmianqianxieshougongjin。zheiyechengweizhanhoujiamoumeiyicishiyong“fankang”yicishisuotongshijubeideqiantaici。zaijiamou1955nianzhiluolan·batedegongkaixinzhong,tamingquezhichu: “xiangbi《juwairen》,《shuyi》wukezhiyidizhimingyitiaotongdao,congyizhonggududefankangtaiduzouxiangyizhongbixuxieshouerzhandegongtongrenzhi。ruguoshuocunzaicong《juwairen》xiang《shuyi》deyanhua,tazhengshizaituanjieyufendandeyiyishangxingchengde。”zheixieguanyu“tuanjieyufendan”deshuocijuefeishihouzhuiren。zaozai《guanyu“fankang”depingzhu》zhong,jiamoujiuyijingshuoming: “taiwanbinguo28yijingkandao,zaiduifankangdequerenzhongpuzhankaiyizhongchaoyuegetidedongxi,tajianggeticongjiadingdeguduzhongzhuailechulai,bingdiandingleyizhongjiazhi。”jiezhetajinyibulunzhengdao:

yincigetibingfeijinjinweiletazijiqubaoweizheizhongjiazhi。xuyaosuoyourendegongtongcanyu。zhengshizaifankangzhong,renchaoyuezitaiwanbinguo28zouxiangtaren,yezhengshicongzheigejiaodukanlai,renleidetuanjiejuyouchaoyanxing。

台湾宾果28zhishao,zheijiushifankangjingshenmaichudediyibu,tazhankaileyizhongshenruzheigeshijiedehuangdanxingjiqibiaomiandewuyiyixingdeshensi。zaiguanyuhuangdandejingyanzhong,beijushigerenhuade。congfankangyundongkaishi,tajiangchanshengyizhongjitiyishi。tashisuoyourendemaoxian。

台湾宾果28dianying《heisibing》zhongyinwenyierlinanderenbeijizhongyanmai。

2

走出自身的孤独与个人逻辑的困境

1946nian,jiamouzai《shouji》zhongxiexialezheiyangyijupingyu: “congxingudianzhuyidejiaodukan,《shuyi》yinggaishiweimouzhongjitijiqingsuxingdeshoucichangshi。”“jitiyishi”、“jitijiqing”,zaizheileicihuizhong,jiamoushitutuxiandezhengshirenherenzhijiantuanjieyufendandebiyao。zai《shuyi》jieweibufen,taiwanbinguo28yenengzailiedeganxiangzhongkandaoyiyixiangsidebiaoshu。

台湾宾果28cong《shuyi》he《guanyu“fankang”depingzhu》kaishi,jiamoukuochongletabixiafankangdehanyi,baduziyirendeneixinkangzhengyinxiangleyiqunrengongtongdequanmianfenzhan。congcikeqi,jiamouyishidao,zheizhongfankangjiangshiyigerenzouchutazishendeguduyutagerenluojidekunjing,tayiranzaiweizijifendou,tongshiyutarenbingweitarenerzhan,erqiezheiyangdetuanjieyufendanbuhuisuojiangetideduli。《shuyi》zhongsuzaodezhuduorenwuxianmingdibiaoxianlezheiyidian:

台湾宾果28duiyuliezheiweigushidexushizhehezhandouzaidiyixiandejiuhuzheeryan,tamianduishuyisuozuodeyiqie,doubeitaguijiewei“benzhigongzuo”——zhibingjiuren。tabuguanxinzongjiaoyiyidezhengjiu,zhiguanxinmeiyigebingrendejiankang,yinweiweiyouhouzhetongguoqinshounulikeyichuji。tameiyouhualideyuyan,dancongbuquefashigan。tashiyigefanren,yeyoutadewunaihepibei,dantayiyizhongqianxundefangshijianchilexialai。duitalaishuo,kang“yi”shitayingchengdandezeren。

gelangdekang“yi”xingdongbiliegengjiaqiaowushengxi。zheiweizhengfudelinshiguyuan,yigeshehuizhongkeyoukewudexiaorenwu,tazaishangbanzhiyujingjingyeyeditongjizhesiwangrenshu,shizhongjianchizheiyikansiweibuzudaodegongzuo。tacanyukang“yi”,shiyinweitayexiangchuyifenli。zhengruliesuoshuo,wulunmeitixuanchuanyufou,zaineixieguanghuicanlandeyingxiongzhuyixingxiangzhong,yongyuanbuhuishejizheiyangderen。jinguanwurenzhumu,gelangquegongxianzhezijideliliang。buyongkonghuadahua,zhixulisuonengji。

台湾宾果28zhiyulangbeier,tazhuiqiugerenxingfu,weileyuanfangdeairen,tadanjingjielvshitulikaizheizuobeifengsuodechengshi。zheishizhengdangdezhuiqiu,lieyibiaoshilijie。langbeierkewangaiqing,yincikangjufenli,tajipodixiwangyuyuanfangdeairentuanju,taduiaiqingdelijiebushijianliyuguannian,ershilizuyuganzhi,tayincijujuechouxianggainian,qiangdiaoroushenzhenshidejiechu。tayongyouyitaoyiroushenganxingweijichudejiandingshijieguan。tadezhuanbiantezhengfenming,bushiyinweizailixingshangbeishuofu,ershicongtaluchuourandezhi,liedefurentongyangjuyuyuandi,erqieshenhuanzhongji。zheiyixiangsichujingyinfadegongqingrangtajuedingcanyukang“yi”。ganxingchudongshitaxingdongdeyuanyin。

台湾宾果28shenfupanalucanyujiuhuzechuyuwanquanbutongdeliyou。suirantadediyicibudaozaoliegoubing,danzaimuduaotongyouzibeibingtongzhemozhisihou,tashenshouchudong,yushizaidiercibudaozhonggai“nimen”wei“taiwanbinguo28”,haozhaosuoyourenyongquanmiandewangtaiwanbinguo28jingshenheqingshigerenanweideqigaiqutixianshangdizhiai。tayishenzuoze,shenchukang“yi”diyixian,danzhidaolinsizhiqianyijiutouluchuduiyihudelengdan。zheiduiyupanalubingbumaodun,wusidexianshenhebazijijiaojileshangdi,doushibingchengshangdideyizhi。panalucanyukang“yi”deliyou,shizhongyituoyuzongjiao,shizongjiaosiwei。

台湾宾果28taluyichuchang,sihuyiranchedirenqinglezitaiwanbinguo28。tazaifengchenghoujiuzhudonglianxilie,xiwangchenglifangyizuzhi,zaitakanlaizheiyeshilisuodangran。yongtazijidehuashuo,tacanyukang“yi”,zhishiweileneixinanning。jiuhezaonianfanduisixingyiyang,taburenkanzheshengmingshiqu。yupanalubutong,talusiqianyizhishituweixiao,tazaixiaoshuozhongliuxiadezuihouyijuhuashilielaomuqintingdaotazaimiliuzhijishuo,“xianzaiyiqiedouhao”。qiuanning,yushideanning。

wuweizhujiao,wuzhongtaidu,yizhongxingdong。jiamouyizheiyangdefangshizhengming,jitibuhuixiaomiegexing。weiyidefanlishiketaer,yinweitadaibiao“huangdan”,shi“huangdan”dehuashen。ketaerdechuchangjiushiyichangzishaweisui,jiezhezaishuyiliuxingjieduanruyudeshui,erzaiyiqingjieshuhou,tajingkongdichaodajiekaiqiang。zheixiexinxizuyirangtaiwanbinguo28rending,zheishiyigefangqifankang,beihuangdantunmeizhiren。ketaershizhengbu《shuyi》zhongmianduishuyiweiyidetoujiangzhe,shenzhicongneixinshenchuduiqibaochihuanyingyuqidai,zuizhongchengweishuyidebangxiong。ketaerjishishuyimianqiansuoyoufumianrengededaibiao,youxiangzhengzhegenzhirenxingzhizhongdenuoruoheduihuangdandechenfu,xuyaotaiwanbinguo28baochijingti。

台湾宾果28ruguoshuo《shuyi》dezhuxiankeyiculvedijianhuaweiyichangyouhuangdanyinfadefankang,neime,jiamoushuxiedezhongxinzeluozaigegejiaosemiandui“huangdan”debutongtaiduyijizouxiang“fankang”debutongfangshi(ketaerdaibiaomianduihuangdanbuyufankangdezheileiren)。xiaoshuodeqitayixiliezhutiyewanquanyituoyuzheixiegejutesederenwuyiyizhankai。taiwanbinguo28bunengwangji,jiamouguanzhudegeleiwenti,zuizhongdouyaohuiguirendeshuxing,douyaozaijutiderenshengzhongdedaoyanzheng。《shouji》zhong,jiamouzai1942nian8yuecengzuoguozheiyangyigegouxiang: “xiaoshuo。buyaoba‘shuyi’fangjinbiaotizhong。ershizhuru‘qiutumen’zhileide。”suowei“qiutumen”,dangranshizhilie、talu、langbeierdengbeiweikunzaishuyizhongzhengzhaqiushengderen。suiranjiamouzuizhongyijiubaxiaoshuomingmingwei《shuyi》,dan“qiutumen”zheiyibeixuanbiaotidechuxian,yijingzuyishuoming《shuyi》zhongdejiaosebujinshigouchenggushiderenwu,tamenbenshenjiushigushidezhuyaoneirong。

台湾宾果28《juwairen》[fa]aerbei·jiamouzhu,jinyiyi,jiangsufenghuangwenyichubanshe,2019nian3yue

3

荒诞是贫瘠而残酷的,

它只负责摧毁一切

《shuyi》shijiamouji《juwairen》houzhengshifabiaodedierbenxiaoshuo,yeshitacong“huangdanxilie”guodudao“fankangxilie”dedianjizhizuo。zai《shuyi》zuichudegousihecaonijieduan,jiamoujiumingqueyishidaolezheibuzhengzaichuangzuozhongdexiaoshuoyu《juwairen》debutong。zaiqi1942niandeliangzebijizhong,jiamouzuochulezheiyangdezitaiwanbinguo28pouxi:

taiwanbinguo28suosibitaiwanbinguo28benrengengweidabingqierangtaiwanbinguo28gandaowufajiangqidingyideshiwujiujingshishenme?mouzhongchaoxiangfoudingzhishenshengxingdejiankubashe——yizhongmeiyoushangdideyingxiongzhuyi——zuizhongchengweichuncuideren。yiqierenleimeide,baokuomianduishangdishidegudu……《juwairen》shilingdian。《shenhua》yeshi。《shuyi》shiyigejinbu,bushiconglingzouxiangwuxian,ershizouxiangyizhonggengjiashenke、youdaidingyidefuzaxing。zhongdianjiangshishengzhe,buguotayeyoutadesuanshuzhi——heputongrenyiyangkece。

shuyi。wufacongzhongtuoshen。zaicaonizhongzheicichuxiantaiduo“yiwai”。bixujinkougousi。《juwairen》miaoshulezhimianhuangdanshirendechiluo。《shuyi》zhimiantongyihuangdanshizhuduogerenguandiandeshenduduideng。zheishiyigejinbu,tajiangzaiqitazuopinzhongzhubumingxi。buguo,chucizhiwai,《shuyi》zhengminghuangdanbenshenbujiaoshourenhedongxi。zheishijuedingxingdejinbu。

zaizheiliangduandubaizhong,jiamouduicaochuangzhichude《shuyi》jichuletongyigepanyu: “jinbu”(progrès)。《juwairen》shilingdian,shiyuandian,shiqidian,shi“zhimianhuangdanshirendechiluo”,er《shuyi》zeshiconglingdian“zouxiangyizhonggengjiashenke、youdaidingyidefuzaxing”,shi“zhimiantongyihuangdanshizhuduogerenguandiandeshenduduideng”。zheiyi“shenduduideng”bianshishangwensuoweide“fudiao”。jiamoushituzai《shuyi》zhongmiaohuizhuduorenwumianduihuangdanshidetaiduhexingdong,bingcongzhongfajueneizaidegongxing,zheiyixiangfacongtagousi《shuyi》zhishijiuyijingmengsheng;tongshi,tazaigousichuangzuoguochengzhonggandao: “《shuyi》zhengminghuangdanbenshenbujiaoshourenhedongxi。”zheijuhuadeyisibingbushishuorenbunengconghuangdanzhongdedaorenhejiaoyihuojiaoxun,ershishuo,huangdanzuoweishijieyurenshengdeyibufen,tabenshenshipinjide、cankude、lengmode,tabuhuizhudongjichurenhejiaodao,tajiuxiangshuyiyiyangzhifuzedanfangmiancuihui。

台湾宾果28jiaoyilaiziren,laizimianduihuangdanshirendetaiduyufanying,laizijiechuhuangdanhourenduizishenxingdongdepanduanhefansi。suoyi,zhiming“huangdan”cunzaidexiayibu,zuijinpodebushijixujiexi“huangdan”benshen,ershisikaozuoweirenyingdangruhesikaohexingdong。jiamousuowei“juedingxingdejinbu”zhengzhixiangzheiyifangxiang。ertadezuizhongmude,shisikaorenzaichedibaituozhushendeqingkuangxiadedaoshengcunzunyandekenengxing,shirenruheyizijideliliangzaishijieshangshenghuobingqiechuangzaochushenghuodeyiyi。suoyitahuishuo: “zhongdianjiangshishengzhe,buguotayeyoutadesuanshuzhi——heputongrenyiyangkece。”zaizheili,shengzhe(saint)wanquantuolishenzhifanzhuanlechuantongdezongjiaoyiyi,huiguiputongren(homme)deshuxing,zongjiaoxingzhiciwanquanjieti,zhuanhuaweidaodexinghelunlixing,shirenduishen、renxingduishenxingdeshengli,huozheyongjiamouzaizheizebijilidehuashuo,“yizhongmeiyoushangdideyingxiongzhuyi”,“zuizhongchengweichuncuideren”。ren,shizhongshijiamoumiqieguanzhudeduixiang。《shuyi》dehexinyiyibushimiaoshushuyibenshen,ershichengxianyuzhizhimianderenleiruheyigezidefangshizhankaixingdong。zheiyixiliegousizuizhongzai《shuyi》zhongdedaoleshixian。

zai《shuyi》jieweideyipianhuanqingzhizhong,lietixingziji,yishuyiweixiangzhengde“huangdan”buhuichedixiaoshi,wulunduiyushijiedefengkuanghaishineixindeyinan,renleidoubukenenghuodeyilaoyongyideshengli。yilieweidaibiaodefankangzheshizhongbaochizhejingti。congzhangyuankan,shuyiyijiurutongxixifusibeifudejushi,suishihuizaiyicicongshandingluoxia,fankangzheyeyiranzaichengdanzhejushidezhongfu,danmeiyicitamendoujiejinquanlibashikuaidadefensui。zaizheixiefankangzheshenshang,yongdongzhejingguotongkuyuyongqimolideqiangjingshengmingli。tamenjujuechengren“cunzaijiheli”,jiuxiangjiamourihousuoshuo: “taiwanbinguo28meigerendouzaizijishenshangbeifuzhetaiwanbinguo28dekuyi、zuixingyuchuangshang。ranertaiwanbinguo28derenwubingfeibatamenshifangdaoshijieshang,ershizaitaiwanbinguo28shenshangyijiqitarenneiliyutamendouzheng。”

台湾宾果28congchengdanjushidaodasuijushi,jiamouyiciwanchengle“huangdanxilie”xiang“fankangxilie”deyanjin。tazai《shuyi》zhongxiedao: “chuyuliangxindezhunze,ta(lie)haobuyouyudizhanzaishouhaizheyifang,xiwangyurenlei、yutadetongbaozhongju,zaitamensuogongtongyongyoudeneixieweiyiquexindeshiwuzhongzhongju,yejiushiai、kunanyuliuwang。yushimeiyourenheyifentongbaodejiaolvtaweicengyuzhifendan,yemeiyourenheyizhongchujingbushitazijidechujing。”shijiecongbenzhishangshihuangdande,danbuzhiyuhuangdan。renshihuangdan,fankanghuangdan,zaifankangzhongbuduanchuangzaoshengmingdeyiyi,huxiangjiliyufuchi,tuanjiehefendan,zhengshizheiyiqieshidefankangzhedexingweiyongyouleqieshidejiazhi,zheiyirankancheng“juedingxingdejinbu”。

台湾宾果28benwenbenwenjiexuanzidukeban《shuyi》daodu,xiaobiaotiweizhaibianzhesuojia,jingchubanfangshouquankanfa。zhuanwen: zhangbo;bianji: xuwei。weijingxinjingbaoshumianshouquanjinzhizhuanzai,huanyingzhuanfazhipengyouquan。

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